Programming issues of intelligence testing, as a single material or a physical quantity, found concrete shape in the beginning of XX-th century. Although considered to be the starting point of the modern scientific understanding and popular explanations of intelligence input in the terminology of the term "intelligence quotient", or more familiar abbreviation «IQ», the concept of "intelligence" cared more ancient philosophers.
Before you measure any value, you need to understand its nature and a predetermined reference data Units. In other words, to understand what will be measured. But how to define the unit of measurement of intelligence, when scientists without stopping and yielding to each other, still a fundamental debate - intelligence is a single entity, or association of acquired knowledge and experience. Also not allowed to question the intelligence level changes on the test system IQ aid training.
The most common and accepted by the scientific community point of view is that intelligence is the total set of interrelated abilities to adapt to living in conditions that are surrounding environment. In other words, the human intellect can be represented as a complex system consisting of a self-developing such units as:
ability to think and analyze;
mental creation of images of the world;
own vocabulary to communicate and share their own opinions;
mathematical ability to arithmetic operations;
perception of space and its location in it;
savvy, come with experience.
Theories that explain the development of several intelligence. Each of them is trying to spread out and organize the components of intelligence and their relationship.
According to the tenets of one of the areas of philosophy states that the integrity of intelligence fastened by three components:
Component (includes the ability to memorize a certain amount of information, the number of words for communication and verbal);
empirical (speed detection, analysis, identification and problem solving strategic behavior);
contextual (a practical solution to problems encountered every second of everyday life on the basis of experience gained and by analogy with previous crises).
Adherents of other theories pitched the concept of human intelligence 7-NIL abilities:
coordination of movement and motion (kinetics);
a sense of rhythm and musical ear;
determine their own position in space relative to other objects;
the ability to speak, write, read (verbally);
ability to solve logical and mathematical problems;
ability to communicate with other persons and the ability to establish interaction with them to solve common or personal problems;
personal understanding of his own inner world.
Several theories, but none of them does not give a specific answer to the question purely practical aspect - how to test intelligence
>Interestingly the percentage distribution among all past this test. The overwhelming mass of humanity, more than 50% have a degree IQv range from 90 points to 110 points. People caught in this group, and are able to seek self-development, thus obtaining a chance to transition to a higher status with 110 points of intelligence. This group may itself include 25% tested audience.
There are still 25% tested and received less than 90 points. Concepts, scientific way completely, moron (50 to 70 points), imbitsil (from 25 to 50 points) and an idiot (below 25 points) fall into this category, and increase their bottom chance they have little. This is not connected with physical development or disabilities and with prenatal injury or disease of the brain, which in turn resulted in a delay in the development of the components of intelligence.